At just 21, Iddris Sandu is the tech genius behind Uber, Instagram and Snapchat

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When Iddris Sandu was in high school, he developed a mobile software that would later gain the attention of former U.S. president Barack Obama and land him at the White House, where he received the honorary presidential scholar award.

He was only 16 years old. Now 21, the Los Angeles-based young man is the unconventional tech guru who has accomplished many incredible feats, including being responsible for algorithms that have made Uber, Instagram and Snapchat what they are today.

The software engineer considers himself a “cultural architect” and said he aims to “level the playing field” between Silicon Valley and young communities of colour.

Iddris Sandu. Pic credit: The New York Times

Born and raised in Harbor City, California with parents from Ghana, Sandu would never forget a harrowing experience he had when he was eight – his father had wanted to take him on a trip to Ghana.

“But on the fourth day of the trip, he abandoned me in this village, took my passport and came back to the States,” Sandu told Oxford University’s Music and Style Magzine, adding that he was abandoned for almost nine months before getting into contact with an NGO which helped him travel back home.

He got back to the U.S. when the first-ever iPhone was unveiled, and this started his journey into the tech world.

“I just got super inspired. I thought – this device is going to change the world. The reason why the iPhone was so important was because it was the first time when regular consumers could develop for other regular consumers. Before, you really had to work at a tech company for multiple years to be able to offer any sort of input or to create an app. But Apple made it so mainstream. I knew it was the future,” he said.

Just 10 years old then, Sandu started learning programming on his own for the next two years at a public library and this was where he got spotted by a designer from Google, who offered him an internship opportunity at the company’s headquarters.

At age 13, he got his first experience with programming and worked on many projects such as the initial Google blogger, Google Plus, among others.

Yet, Sandu was determined to affect change, hence, at the age of 15, he designed an app for his high school that gave students turn by turn directions to navigate their classrooms.

A young Iddris Sandu — TEC Leimert

Being the only school in California that had an app made by a student, Sandu received wide acclaim that would later afford him a meeting with former President Obama.

During that same period, Sandu wrote an algorithm that he would go on to sell to Instagram and by the age of 18, he was already consulting for Snapchat before landing at Uber, where he created a software (Autonomous Collision Detection Interface) for its self-driving cars.

With the passion to bridge the gap between the informed and uninformed, and to inculcate into young people like him the need for invention and creativity, he left major tech companies to bring that change.

“Information is one of the highest forms of class. And that is what keeps people divided. You should be able to think on a higher level, instead of being strictly consumers. And people of colour in particular are more likely to be consumers than creators. It’s really hard to get out of poverty or to change the structure of economic power if you’re always going to be a consumer rather than creating. Shifting that narrative is what I’ve been trying to do. And thus far, it’s worked, it’s successful.”

From encouraging the study of STEM subjects in schools and at higher levels, Sandu, in 2017, met rapper Nipsey Hussle at local Starbucks, and in three weeks, they had transformed an abandoned storefront in Los Angeles into the Marathon Clothing Store.

The smart store offers exclusive music and other content to customers who have downloaded an app, said The New York Times.

The store leveraged Iddris’ tech and design background and Nipsey’s cultural influences, sparking the interests of many journalists as well as hip hop and cultural icons like Russell Westbrook, Vegas Jones of Roc Nation, among others.

In an interview with the CNBC, Sandu said the store has helped him bridge the gap between culture and technology, and would love others to do same.

“We are living in the digital revolution,” he said. Although “we are all constantly exposing ourselves to content in real-time.”

“We need to address the largest issues affecting communities and build infrastructure on that,” Sandu said.

The tech wizard has since partnered with Kanye West and Jaden Smith on some future businesses, clothing lines and disaster relief projects that are set to launch in 2019, according to CNBC.

Iddris Sandu —

Having created his own music, putting together the sonics and instrumentals in just 3 days to form a full album, the creative technologist is working on a book about recent initiators, including Kanye West; Robi Reed, a casting director; and Edward Enninful, the editor of British Vogue.

With the drive to use all his networks to empower young people in America to make a positive impact in their communities, the unconventional tech genius is already on his way to become a leader for the next generation of influencers and entrepreneurs.

ASUU strike: Stakeholders split over FG, lecturers’ face-off


As the strike embarked upon by the Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU), lingers, some stakeholders in the Education sector have expressed divergent views on the contending issues.

They expressed their views in separate interviews with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) on Monday in Lagos.
ASUU had on November 4 embarked on what it described as a ‘total, comprehensive and indefinite strike’.

Prof. Kabir Akinyemi of the Faculty of Science, Lagos State University (LASU) said that the demands of ASUU were not outrageous.
He said that the union had been magnanimous with the present administration since its inception.
“ASUU cannot be treated like other unions in the country because in most cases, ASUU is always on the right direction in all facets of life,” he said.

Akinyemi urged the government to resume negotiation with the union as soon as possible for the interest of Nigerians, especially students and parents.

“I am sure that when the negotiation gets to reasonable point with sincerity and there is a commitment from the government, ASUU will definitely shift ground,” he said.

Mr Olayinka Aderoju, Vice – Principal, Nigeria Tulip International College, Ogun branch said while the lecturers could not be blamed for demanding for their entitlement and better funding of the universities, embarking on strike was still not the best option .

Aderoju said this was because strike was no longer a veritable tool for negotiation in the global world. He noted that for the nation to overcome frequent strikes by lecturers and other unions, ASUU must demand for proper accountability and openness from the ruling government.

“ASUU’s concern should be why the elected politicians in the country who are not more than 11, 800 should be feeding fat on the resources meant for over 170 million Nigerians.

“If the government is open, strike can be prevented not only for ASUU, but also for all other labour unions.
“Once government at all levels show to all, what they make and how they share the resources among the various sectors, then the citizens and unions could be prevailed upon to endure,” he said.

Mrs Rita Ngeri, a parent also expressed displeasure on the manner at which the strike had been allowed to linger and why the government and the union should neglect the negotiation table at the detriment of the students’ future.

Ngeri said since education was the bedrock of development in every nation and also a right and not a privilege of a citizen, it must be seen and treated as such by the government, ASUU and other stakeholders. .

“As parents, we are unhappy with the development and seeing our children stay at home for two months now has been disheartening.

“We are, however, begging the government and ASUU to shift ground and resolve their differences by first week in January 2019 for the sake of the students, so that they can resume school,” she said.

A Student, Ayomide Kazeem of the Faculty of Science, Nasarawa State University, Keffi also told NAN that he was tired of staying at home while his mate in other countries were advancing in their educational pursuit.

Kazeem urged the government and ASUU to reach a compromise so that students can go back to school.

Parts of your body that you probably don’t wash well

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If want you your body to be squeaky clean, you have to do a whole lot better than rubbing soap on your body.

These are the parts that you should be lathering up regularly to keep them clean, fresh, and free of potentially harmful bacteria.

1. Behind Your Ear

The warm and recessed area of your ears is full of sebaceous glands which secrete sebum that provides an ideal hiding place for Staph aureus and Tinea capitis. If not cleaned daily, may start to produce a musty odour

2. Belly Button

Belly buttons are warm, with nooks and crevices, which make them a great place for bacteria to hide. Swab your belly button daily with a cotton swab soaked in warm, soapy water or alcohol.

If you have a pierced belly button, it’s even more important to wash it regularly to prevent infections.

3. Tongue

A lot of the time, people only think of their teeth and gums when talking about dental hygiene and do not provide enough attention to the tongue, or they think that by using mouthwash, they can get it clean enough.

However, the tongue has lots of little ridges and bumps that can hide bacteria, resulting in bad breath and even tooth damage if not cleaned regularly.

Brush your tongue with your toothbrush while you are brushing your teeth or use a tongue scraper.

4. Scalp

While you may wash your hair regularly, how much attention are you paying to your scalp? While it’s not necessary to wash your hair daily, it is important to scrub and massage your scalp daily to avoid buildup of dead skin cells, that body mites and bacteria feast on.

Massaging your scalp daily with warm water not only increases blood flow but helps to manually remove the dead cells which can lead to dandruff

5. Your Back

Although your back gets wet while you’re standing in the shower, it needs to get much mor attention. You can buy a back scrubber or have your partner wash it for you with an exfoliating bath sponge, loofah, or washcloth at least two to three times a week to reduce the risk of developing skin and soft-tissue infections.

6. Under Your Fingernails

While you most likely wash your hands after using the restroom, but if you’re not scrubbing under your nails, you’re only doing half the job.

Faecal bacteria can set up shop and colonize in the area under your nails, and it is best to soak a cotton swab with warm, soapy water and swabbing it under your nails to gently remove dirt and debris. Keeping nails short can also help prevent bacteria from thriving.

Megastructures Limited Graduate Engineering Trainee Recruitment

MEGASTRUCTURES  LIMITED   was registered in 2004 in Nigeria as a multi disciplinary practice consisting of building construction professionals known then as Megastructures company. It became a limited liability company in 2007.

We have a sole purpose of developing, training, packaging, delivery innovative engineering materials and services that best satisfy our clients and customers’ needs, while operating a highly profitable, efficient, resourceful and ethical organization.

We’re looking for ambitious graduates, who want to be future business leaders or ground breaking engineers to fill the position below:

Job Title: Graduate Trainee

Location: Lagos

Job Summary:

As a result of our expansion, opportunities have been created for graduates to join our organization through our Graduate Trainee Scheme. Successful candidates will work in our company newly located in Lagos, Nigeria and may occasionally travel outside the state and country for further field training.

Job Responsibilities:

  • Develop your skills working on different building and infrastructure projects. Collaborating with a diverse range of people, and carry out building services system inspections and heating ventilation and air conditioning design
  • Prepare a variety of reports, contract documents and project designs, assessment calculations and drawings.
  • To work on a variety of construction related and property inspection/maintenance projects and undertaking building and site surveys.
  • Create innovative, high quality structural engineering designs on time and to budget and working alongside our architects and building services engineers.
  • Management of Material Resources.

Job Requirements:

  1. Minimum of BA/B.Sc/HND Engineering or related felds.
  2. Must be innovative, energetic, creative and willing to learn.
  3. Attitude in decision-making and working with numbers.
  4. Ability to work as part of a team.
  5. Committed to delivering a timely and professional service to clients.
  6. Knowledge and adherence to satisfy rules and regulations.
  7. Communication and interpersonal skills.
  8. No skills or experience is required as adequate training will be given to all qualified applicants.

Application Closing Date
25th October, 2018.

Method of Application:

Interested and qualified candidates should send their Resume to:

The Isi agụ, the “Agụ-Odum” misnomer and the Igbo Animal Totem.

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Akwa isi agụ (the Isiagu Attire) is the clothing fabric patterned with motifs of the face of a fierce-looking Lion. Some designs show a less fierce-looking face sandwiched by cow horn.

Since 50 to 60 years ago, Igbos have managed to portray this fabric design as their cultural emblem. In fact, more like a totem. Igbo chiefs and “nze and “ọzọ” title holders use it to make their ceremonial gears.

The Igbo people feel a certain sense of pride when they dress in the Isiagụ attire. Even non-Igbos regard Isiagụ as being to Igbos what the tartan is to Scots or the Yarmulke is to Jews. Such is the impression, that when they are identifying with or participating at an Igbo traditional practice like taking Igbo chieftaincy titles, they dress in the isiagụ gear. Recent examples include President Buhari, Fayose, Jacob Zuma

Isi agụ

The Isi agụ Clothe

But then, it is an imported foreign popular culture. Neither the lion nor the Lion icon has any significance in Igbo cultural foundations. Indeed, using the descriptor ‘isiagụ’ to refer to the Lion’s head motiffed fabric is wrong use of the word “agụ”.

The Misnomer

Agụ is not lion in Igbo. Agụ is leopard. Folks have written about this before, and I’ve discussed in other forums on the subject. It is pitiful that it remains a source of confusion to many adult Igbos.

There is just little understanding of Igbo origins and names of the Feline (cat-like) animals. You hear all manner of names that contradict bio-geography, like, “agụ is lion, and ọdụm is tiger”. Or, “agụ is lion, and leopard is edi abalị.

The Leopard

The Clarification.

Just as Jaguars and Cougars are found only in the Americas, Tigers inhabit only the Eurasia. They do not belong in the fauna of sub-Saharan Africa. Ancient Igbos did not see nor here about the Tiger, hence did not have a name for it

The Cougar

The Jaguar                                                     Edi or Edi abalị is the African Civet. One of the 38 viverridae species, it is slightly smaller to the Leopard. A carnivore, no doubt, but it is timid, less agile and far less specialised in opportunistic hunting. It has a cat-like appearance, but its muzzle is more pointed than that of a typical feline. 

The African Civet

Leopard has distinctive camouflage spots that help it to use forest canopies for cover, enhancing its abilities for surprise hunting, but the African Civet typically has black and white spots.

A nocturnal creature that sleeps for about 20 hours a day, the ancient Igbos knew the Edi abalị very well. Which is why Igbos still use “edi” as metaphor to refer to a person who sleeps a lot.

The Leopard is bold, agile, versatile, and highly admired in Igbo cultural foundations. But the “Edi” is loathed and associated with negativity, because it smells and relies more on con and decoy to lure its preys. That’s also why in Igbo language “edi aghụghọ” is a metaphor that references a deceptive person.

Knowledge of the Igbo language structure reveals that Agụ is not Lion. Many Igbo words were created from metaphorical use of existing words. To form names for creatures or objects, Igbos often devised a two-word metaphor comparing what is sought to be named to an another named object or creature. For example, ụlọ is home and school is “ụlọ-akwụkwọ” (home for books), while hospital is “ụlọ ọgwụ” (home for medication).

Leopard – Agụ– preys on mammals and has spots on its furs. That is why the Wall Gecko, that preys on insects and has spots, is called agụ ụlọ (ie home leopard). And the crocodile, that preys on aquatic creatures and has patches that resemble the leopard’s spots, is called Agụ Iyi (Leopard of the waters).

Similarly, the Palm Genet, a small mammal that resembles the squirrel but unlike the squirrel has spots on its furs, is called “agụ nkwụ” (the Palm tree Leopard). In contrast, the Lion has no spots on its furs. The lion’s fur is generally plane brown.

The Leopard as the Igbo animal Totem

Being about 3 times the size of a Leopard, the Lion is stronger and sometimes even preys on the leopard. The Igbo say “ọdụm na-egbu agụ”. Despite this, the lion has no special recognition in Igbo cultural systems. Ancient Igbos likely did not even have any or much contact with lion as a species.

For whereas Leopards inhabit the rainforests (although they are very adaptable and thrive in other vegetations), Lions inhabit mainly the savannahs or grasslands. Savannah vegetation do not exist (and likely never existed) in Igboland. Igboid areas sit generally on lowland rainforest.

A Lion can occasionally stray into a rainforest or can take refuge there if persecuted in its natural habitat. It must have been in such circumstances that Igbos came to know about the lion. Yet that was not enough to diminish their fascination for the Leopard, a beast with which they had contended for thousands of years.

It should be noted that whilst Leopards operate solitarily, Lions are the most social of the Cat species. Lions operate in close-knit social groups called “pride”. Ethologists (scholars of animal behaviours) have observed that this sociality makes the Lion a better communicator than other big Cats. But it means Lions roar frequently and easily broadcast their presence and emotions. Conversely, a Leopard’s solitary lifestyle makes it less detectable, and more perceptive and reactive to intrusion.

For this reason, its senses of vision and hearing are sharper than those of a lion. Ancient Igbos witnessed this first-hand. They saw how a leopard, hiding stealthily amongst forest canopies, would detect the slightest animal or human movement, and chase and pounced savagely.

In forest environment, a Lion has little chance to fight down the more agile Leopard. A lion’s size and weight render it less agile to climb high. But a leopard can climb to the top an iroko tree in less than 10 seconds. Leopard is probably the only big mammal that can descend a tree head first. It uses its long tail to maintain perfect aerodynamic balance.

With an average speed of about 80 km per hour, lion is faster than leopard. But it can only run for very short bursts and needs to be close to its prey before starting an attack. But the Leopard can run for far longer stretches, at average top speed of about 58 km per hour. A Leopard can make a single leap of over 6m (20 ft) horizontally and can jump up to 3 m (9.8 ft) vertically. And it is a powerful swimmer. Although its vision is sharpest in the dark, it can equally be eagle-eyed in the day.

Incredibly versatile, Leopards hunts on land, on trees and in water. On the trees, it can out-manoeuvre specialised climbers and jumpers, including monkeys and baboons. Leopards have been observed leaping and snatching a monkey with a bite mid-air and regaining grip of tree branches. That is, it successfully launches mid-air strike from a treetop and lands back on the tree. It goes into rivers and streams where it overpowers creatures like alligators, and hauls them off the water, all the way up a tree.

A silent predator, when discretion will give it advantage, it can be elusive. It has pad of tissues in the flat of its claws that act as silencers when it walks. It can literally hide in plain sight.

When it tucks itself in between the fork of tree branches, it just blends with the tree trunk. It can create optical illusion to deceive its prey, including humans. A Leopard will coil its head and tail into its body and crouch flat on the ground appearing like dry wood lying about. Very patient. If its target are animals in a troop, it can hold its cool and then attack the last of the troop from behind.

When persecuted by humans a Leopard is more likely to fight back than the Lion. And it does not target one out of a group. It will attack one person after another. Reason the Igbo say “ofu agụ na-achụ mba” (a single leopard can sack a town).

For thousands of years, the Maasai people of Kenya have practiced the art of emerging from hiding to scare lions away from their kill and take it home for meet. But a Leopard will drag its kill in its mouth and climb a tree. It climbs a tree carrying in its mouth a carcass far heavier than its own size – animals like Buffalo, Giraffe, Hedgehog, etc. In the ancient times, it would attack domestic goat or sheep and drag it in its mouth deep into the forest and up on a tree.

The Lion lack these amazing abilities. In terms of general efficiency and productivity as jungle hunters, the leopard beats the lion, by many miles!

Indeed, scientists have determined that, pound for pound (ie adjusted for differences in size and weight) the leopard is the strongest of all the big cat species.

It was for these reasons that the ancient Igbo revered the Leopard as their totemic animal of strength, agility, boldness, and courage. And that is also why Igbo language is littered with similes, metaphors, adages and proverbs that use agụ to illustrate positive energy and abilities. Like “omekagụ”, “agụ nwa”, etcetera. And it is why many Igbo families and communities proudly took their names and sobriquets after agụ. Like “Umuagụ, Amagụ Dimagụ, Eziagụ, Duruagụ etc.

Today, as urban dwellers we can look down on the leopard. But to the Igbos of those jungle days, a snarling leopard on the loose was literally nature’s force unleashed. Every hamlet had a chant or cry that was used to alarm the community when a leopard was sighted. In my own area the chant was “ ọwụ agụ o!”. ( it is a leopard o!).

Social codes dictated that a person who heard the cry also repeated it, till the entire community was alerted. And until the Leopard was killed or confirmed to have returned to the deep forests, usual daily activities were suspended.

Children and women would not go the streams to fetch water. No one went to the farms nor led their sheep out to graze. Able bodied men were then organised, in groups, to track down the leopard. And think of it. Those men did not have guns. They went with spears, bows and sticks.

Combating the Leopard in these situations was an act of extraordinary bravery and patriotism – risking one’s life for the safety of the community. That explains why the person who eventually killed the leopard instantly became a hero and given the honorific “Ogbu Agụ”.

And eating a leopard meat was a once-in-a-generation-experience. Till today Igbos use the metaphor “ọ bụ anụ agụ?” (is it a leopard meat?) to question the value of a highly priced or scarce commodity.

Of course, the Leopard skin was dried and kept by the Leopard killer. He and his descendant would display it with pride for hundreds of years afterwards. Legend has it that reputable native doctors harvested the Leopard’s bile and used it to prepare the most potent charms or medicines, that warriors drank to boost their bravery and ferocity during inter-tribal wars.

Very perplexing was this elusive and powerful animal to ancient Igbos, that they even considered it a mysterious creature. A reason many Igbo dialects added the suffix “mystery” or “invisible” (“owo”, “owu”, “owuru” or “awolo”) to its name. Many parts of igbo land call it agụowuru – i.e, Leopard of mystery, mysterious Leopard, or Leopard that suddenly appears and disappears. Igbo metaphysics believed that some men acquired powers to transform to leopard.

To assume the nature and characteristics of a leopard, even for a short period, was considered an attainment of a transcendental and superior state of being.

Indeed, ancient Igbo cosmology explained the entire universe as being some mystical Leopard persona.

The weather system and visible changes in the skies were said to be a leopard, the sky leopard.

The thick clouds that formed in the sky before rainfall were its shimmering eyes just waking from sleep. The movement of tick clouds was the movement of the leopard in its marauding character.

The sparks of lightening that came before a thunder were the leopard’s flashing eyes. The thunder was its voice snarling in anger and ready to pounce. The heavy rains were its urine gushing with a force typical of its strength.

And bright day was the sky leopard fully awake, with eyes wide open.

The Lion symbol is not originally Igbo

This portrayal of the lion as symbolic cultural icon of the Igbos is only recent. It is driven by the influence of modern media and foreign popular culture. We watch a lot of animal documentaries these days and read a lot of books that continue to inform us the lion is the king of the beasts. True! But they don’t tell us about the king of our forests.

Today in global popular culture (eg children cartoons, films, etc) we are taught to be like the Lion. Because throughout histories and in many parts of the world the Lion image has been used in stories, artworks, coats of arms, logos and advertisements to depict strength, ferocity, power, confidence and success. The bible and other major religious texts also contain the lion symbolism. And so, the Igbos yielded – completely!

Yet Igbo folklore is filled with stories that reference “agụ” as the king of animals. First generation Igbo intellectuals had no misunderstanding that agụ was leopard. And they were acutely aware of its significance in the Igbo culture and worldview.

These men did not talk about the Lion.

In Onuora Nzekwu’s classic novel Eze Goes to School (published 1963), the ravaging beast which held the people of Ohia hostage, which Eze’s father killed but later died from the wound it inflicted on him, was a leopard, not a lion. Anezi Okoro’s 1966 novel ‘The Village School’ featured an intriguing student. Ismael was popular amongst his mates because his father was a reputed hunter who killed a leopard and took the title “The Leopard Killer”.

In 1950 Cyprian Ekwensi published a novel entitled ‘The Leopard’s Claw’. Chinua Achebe later published a short story with the title “How the Leopard Got Its Claws”. He narrated an Igbo folktale featuring leopard as the king of the animals. Achebe’s other book ‘Anthills of The Savanah’ narrates the incident when the leopard, the king of the forest, was to kill the tortoise and how the tortoise scattered sand and grass. And in of ‘Arrow of God’ he masterfully devised an English translation of a popular Igbo proverb ‘Agụ aghaghị ịmu ihe yiri agụ” as “what the leopard sires cannot be different from the leopard”.

Chukwumeka Ike’s novel “The Bottled Leopard” explores Igbo metaphysics in the context of interpersonal strife during primal times. It tells the story of how men acquired metaphysical powers and transformed to leopards to terrify their neighbours or attack their animals.

Wago the protagonist of ‘The Great Ponds’ (the second novel of Elechi Amadi’s trilogy) was revered in the community because he killed a leopard. He was even hailed by the honorific “The Leopard Killer”. What surprised the members of the community was that the brave Leopard Killer later committed suicide, something they deemed an act of cowardice.

Gabriel Okara, an Ijaw man, was educated at Government Collage Umuahia and worked in Enugu for many years. He wrote the famous poem ‘The Drum and the Piano’. Romanticising primal African life, he used the imagery of a “leopard snarling about to leap and the hunters crouch with spears poised”.

If you’ve read the works of late great poet Christopher Okigbo, you will see repeated references to the leopard. In a manuscript drafting the poem ‘Land of Our Birth’ which he intended to be Biafra’s anthem, Okigbo wrote of Eastern Region’s (mostly Igbos) resolve to found its own republic: “This leopard is now unchained”.

Defunct Biafran Armed Forces published and circulated a periodic newsletter/bulletin to engage the masses. It was not for nothing that the brand name of that bulletin/newsletter was “The Leopard”. Indeed, the coat of arms of that republic, which was the same used by Eastern Region, proudly featured a charging leopard.

The Leopard skin (“akpụkpọ agụ”) was the totemic body-covering material in Igbo cultural foundations. In this modern era, if any fabric should be an emblem of Igbo culture, it is leopard skin fabrics. This lion symbol expresses nothing unique about the Igbo.

Totemic symbols embody and express the spirit, history, character and worldview of a people: what they have been through on their road to civilisation. How they see themselves in the world. The standards and qualities they aspire to, collectively and as individuals.

It is not difficult to see parallels between the leopard’s characteristics and core Igbo character: There is the leopard’s individualism – that Igbo man’s tendency to take his own destiny in his hands. The leopard is vigilant and opportunistic. The Igbo are wired to identify and take advantage of changing dynamics.

Think of the spirit of enterprise and consider the Leopard’s ability to perform feats that are out of proportion to its size. What about the leopard’s versatility? The Igbo excel in any enterprise they truly apply their energy to. And then adaptability.

The Igbo have not only survived different challenging conditions and thrived in different regions and environments. They have tuned adversities to opportunities and made huge successes out of nothing.

No imperial influence has forced the Scots to abandon the tartan. Nor has centuries of persecution swayed Jews to discard the yarmulke. The leopard was also the animal totem of the Zulu. That proud people of South Africa remain proud of it. Why then did the Igbo falter?

Daily habits that are harmful to your health

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There are certain things we consider normal but which are really harmful to our health. Most people have adopted these health hazards into their daily routine without even realising the damage.

  • Constantly staring at a screen all day

Most people constantly stare at a screen all day. First, it’s in the office, and then it’s at home looking down on the phone screen till bedtime. This is very dangerous, and the rays from these screens can cause long term health hazards.

To avoid damaging your eyes, take breaks from looking at any screen of any sort. Take a few minutes to look away from your computer or phone screen.

  • Sitting too much

Frequent sitting can increase the risk of heart disease; worsen mental health and other issues, especially for those who do not get regular exercise. It’s a little hard to change your work lifestyle, but try to move around the office whenever possible, and maybe take a walk after work to have some time spent on your feet.

  • Skipping breakfast

Skipping breakfast or eating breakfast late in the day could raise the risk of heart disease, diabetes and obesity. Breakfast is the most important meal of the day as it gets your body started with the appropriate nutrients needed to get through the day successfully. Due to busy schedules, most people skip breakfast. As much as possible, avoid skipping breakfast.

  • Sleeping late

Chronic sleep deprivation can affect your appearance. Over time, it can lead to premature wrinkling and dark circles under the eyes. Lack of sleep can lead to an increase of the stress hormone in the body. Some of the most serious long term potential problems associated with chronic sleep deprivation are high blood pressure, diabetes, heart attack, heart failure or stroke.

  • Not taking enough water

Many people don’t realise just how important water really is. The human body is made up of 66 per cent water, and when we lose just a little bit of water through sweat and elimination, and we do not replenish it, it affects our health.

When a person begins to dehydrate, more things happen in the body than just being thirsty; the more liquid in the body is lost, the thicker the blood becomes and the harder the heart muscle must work to pump the blood through the circulatory system.

Quality Control Graduate Trainee Recruitment at

, , , is an online travel agency specialized in hotel bookings within Nigeria. It help customers book hotel rooms online, provide comprehensive help and support to clients and make the hotel booking process smooth and easy.  is recruiting to fill the position below:

Job Title: Quality Control Staff (Graduate Trainee)

Location: Yaba, Lagos

Job Type: Full time

Job Requirements:

  • Must be creative with strong analytical and problem-solving skill.
  • You shall be required to submit adequate feedback about every work reviewed detailing errors, if present, and steps to correct such errors.
  • We are looking to hire people that will ensure every piece of content produced by our team is of impeccable quality and up to standard.
  • The ideal candidate is particular about the use of English and can easily spot bad spellings, poor grammar, improper punctuation and work that is not in accord with the company standard.
  • You shall be required to work in a team developed of its impeccable quality
  • You shall be required to review work submitted by other staff to ensure they follow guidelines and meet company standards

Qualification criteria:

  • Basic word and data processing.
  • Ability to multitask.
  • A degree in English language or any related subject (Not a major requirement).
  • An excellent command of written and spoken English, and literary devices
  • A fast reader with the ability to spot errors in large bodes of text.
  • An ability to work fast and meet deadlines


20 Businesses you can start with N100, 000 in Nigeria

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Are you resident in Nigeria? Do you want to start your own business, but don’t know exactly which business to go into?

Here’s a list of some of the best self-employed jobs available right now. And if you find one you like, jump into it. Even if it’s on a part-time basis. You can start with as little as a N100, 000!

1. Bedsheet/Beddings Production.

Pay a visit to Lagos Island, or Aba where they sell bulk materials, pick good designs and I tell you they guys who will sew it for you are just within the same Market. You can start will less than 100k and diligently grow your money.

2. Shirt Production

A sweet side hustle. There are tailors in Lagos Island or Aba,better learn the skill it will save you all the heartbreaks imaginable. . Materials ranging from 700 – 1k per yard, sew for 1500/2k, Sell for 5-7k.

3. Sale of Boxers:

Schedule a trip to Aba Market, The cost of production of boxers, you can get one for as low as N300, all you need is to package it in 3s, and market these babies properly beg your friend on twitter for RTs, we buy 3s pack boxers for 1500-2500 sell yours for 1200 gradually grow.

4. E-Payments and POS Business:

You can get POS machine from your Bank, and activate online banking: If you live in a place where banks aren’t much you can handle e payments for people and make your small change. I paid someone N200 to withdraw 10k most places, ATM queue can be crazy.

5. Mobile and Electronic Accessories:

Mobile and electronic Accessories such Pouches, Chargers, USB cables, HDMI cables, earphones and more, can be sourced on Alibaba, Ali Express, Deal Extreme, etc. The more you buy the lower the price. And they are light so shipping won’t be a burden. Sell here or on Jumia.

6. Popcorn:

We all know this ….We buy every time. Bags of corn – Branded Nylon Sugar, Salt & Butter. The beauty of this is when properly made, its aroma will attract its customers. Manual sealing machine -7/9k Popcorn Machine is 65k on Jumia Popcorn can be served anywhere. It costs less than N40 to make a pack of popcorn

7. Branding – Sales and Customizing:

  • Sales and Customizing of Football Team Football team supporters always want to show how much they’re rooting for a team.

8. Snail Farming:

Snail farming in Nigeria is even more popular, due to its relatively cheap cost of startup and If you market your products well, your business will thrive. This is a business you can start from your backyard. Best in mind, snails take almost a year to mature so Patience is Key!

9. Fairly Used Goods:

Fairly used goods such as Jeans, Tops, t-shirts, shoes etc. They could be sourced at Badagry, even Cotonou. 100k can’t get you a bale but you can select and mix them. Wash then and pack neatly. Marketing is all it takes, you’ll Sell and see your money multiply.

10. Cleaning Services:

Some people find it hard to clean their apartments cos they’re busy from Monday to Friday and Saturday they have engagement and on Sunday all they wanna do is rest. Your tools won’t cost you up to 30k and you can clean 6 apartments a weekend.

11. Home Cooking and Delivery:

You can cook a variety of meals well and apply customer service, People will pay good money for your services, You can run this from home ‪@Hot Pots are more than capable when to comes to training you on how to start up.

12. Digital Marketing:

The success of any business is in its ability to effectively reach its teeming customers and this is achieved by effective marketing: Get a Used Laptop and Smartphone, temporarily your smartphone can double as your hotspot Persistence and Passion is Key ‪@I_pissVodka‬ ‪@OlisaOsega‬ are your friends in this regards, I’m sure they are more than willing to train you on how to go about it from the foundation.

13. Cakes and Confectionery:

This is one business that always comes to play, people celebrate, and bakers are always consulted. Get the required skill, a decent oven, passion and customer service! You’ll grow.

14. Aso-Oke Beading and Stoning:

Aso-Oke Beading and Stoning has become sometimes in vogue now, and this is another sweet business one can start with 100k. You just have to learn how to bead and unlock your creative mind. Ask my friends ‪@wuragold2‬ , the Aso Oke Girl and @ Funchrisaso_oke , the Aso Oke Empress both started from the confines of their homes in Ibadan.

15. Bead Making:

I’m not sure there’s really much to say here. All you need is training, passion, creativity, unique designs and styles, then adequate marketing. You absolutely don’t need 100k to start this.

16. Home Service Barber:

This is another profitable small-scale business. The beautiful thing about this is you bring your services to your clients for an extra token above regular. The starting capital to get the equipment and I’m sure you know we have rechargeable clippers.

17. Tutorial Classes:

No matter your age, this is another well-paying job, either as part-time or full-time. Many families are willing to spend what it takes for their children’s success and there’s one subject you’re well versed at. Just close the gap, meet their need for a fee.

18. Internet Services:

Forget the extensive coverage of internet and the fact that people can assess it on their phones, Do you know how much applicants pay just to have Jamb applications filled online? You need a good system, printer & ISP. People pay as much as 1k per application

19. Production Of Zobo, Smoothies, cocktail, small chops, cupcakes and chinchin:

You’d realize the importance of this combo cant be ruled out. You can render these services with 100k startup capital + proper marketing, branding and packaging….just get a good place to learn how to make them.

20. Re-Invest Your seed Capital in an existing business:

Not everyone has the head for business but they can sniff opportunities. You can always sow your money as operating capital and draft an agreement on profit sharing. You can at least support your investment by bringing customers so the business can thrive. Market it on all your social media pages and who knows.

100k can do a lot!!!!

Indispensability of Education

When Titus was the emperor of Rome, He had the coins of the empire struck with the image of a dolphin curved around an anchor. The dolphin (an exuberant animal) and the anchor represented steadiness and unchanging conviction. Together they symbolized the balance between initiative and wisdom, progress and caution.

Nelson Dimas

Christian Nelson

Education plays a significant role in society, by ridding the world of myriad forms of lopsidedness and fostering balance through the requisite enlightenment channeled towards ascertaining growth and development.

Myles Munroe said “when the purpose of a thing is unknown, abuse is inevitable” we see in our society today the perversion of this strength termed “Education” because the purpose of this strength is not known. The indispensability of education is gradually being shunned today, owing to the pursuit of relevance. Many are blinded to the fact that education possesses these latent possibilities and achieves these remarkable feats as well through its inherent poise to enlighten the mind. The ability of the human mind to process thoughts is the most intricate of all the gifts and abilities of man. The power of mental conditioning gives the internal fortitude to overcome incredible odds. One cannot rise above the plane of one’s mental conditioning. To change one’s life, one must change one’s mind. The subconscious attitude affects one’s altitude. The height to which the heart aspires depends on the information that is in which education dispenses.

Every being on earth is a reflection of the quality of information he has within himself. Transformation happens inwardly and reflects on the outside. Education means the ability to draw from within that which is present. Education is the process whereby you subject a person to a series of trainings to harness and pull out potential abilities in that person. Through education, you develop your problem solving abilities, as you become exposed to your strengths and how beneficial it is to your immediate environment. A man’s mind is like a fresh page of a book. Like an edifice, every acquired knowledge strategically builds him up to the desired pattern of such knowledge. James Allen said “you will become as small as your controlling desire and as great as your dominant aspiration”. There is the need for knowledge. Knowledge is to the mind what light is to the eyes. The mind must be developed, hence the place of education.

Education has been the catalyst for the various transitions from different epochs of civilization. The shift from the Paleolithic era was on the premise of educational feats. Groundbreaking inventions that aided civilization is attributed to the role education played as well. It was successfully broken the walls of limitation, it has fostered a spread of humanity’s tentacles to far reaching heights, it has ended the conundrum of societal injustice owing to knowledge. A typical example can be seen in the end of a reign of racial laws in America owing to the role education played in the life of Martin Luther King Jnr. Martin Luther king Jnr as a young man, suffered under Jim Crow laws of segregation. His experience birthed in him a desire to change the situation of African – Americans in the US. In order to solve these problems, he reflected on the past to learn its lessons. He stumbled upon Henry David Thoreau’s essay on civil disobedience: which states that citizens had the right to disobey unjust laws. In 1948 while studying for ministry in crozer theological seminary, He stumbled upon Gandhi and found out that while Thoreau philosophy promoted the idea of individual disobedience, Gandhi had made it vehicle of the masses which he used in the liberation of the people of India. The whole attempt to bring an end to racial discrimination was all prompted by reflective thinking based on the education he received. It provided the required impetus to challenge the status quo.


‘Flesh-eating’ STD appears in England

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A rare sexually transmitted disease that causes flesh-eating ulcers on patients’ genitalia has popped up in England, the Lancashire Post reported.

An unnamed female patient, who lives in Southport, and is between the ages of 15 and 25, reportedly was diagnosed with donovanosis within the last 12 months.

Donovanosis, which is spread through sexual intercourse with an infected patient, or by coming into contact with a patient’s infected ulcer, is typically seen in India, New Guinea, parts of the Caribbean, central Australia and southern Africa.

According to the Center for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC), the painless disease causes progressive ulcerative lesions on the genitals or perineum, which are prone to heavy bleeding.

Patients are at risk of extragenital infections that can occur in the pelvic regions, or in intra-abdominal organs, bones or mouth. The lesions may also develop secondary bacterial infections.

While antibiotic treatment may stop the progression of lesions, patients are at risk of relapse for 6-18 months post-treatment. According to the British Association for Sexual Health and HIV (BASHH), there have been no prior cases reported in the U.K.

The woman’s case came to light through a Freedom of Information request submitted by, the Lancashire Post reported.

A pharmacist with told the news outlet that any delay in treatment “could cause the flesh around the genitals to literally rot away.”

An update on the infected patient was not provided, nor was it clear if any sexual partners she had encountered were also infected. Coming into contact with a victim’s bleeding ulcer could be enough to transmit the disease.

The website submitted the request as part of its “The Great British STI Taboo” investigation, which reported that 69 percent of the 1,000 British adults polled had never been tested for an STD.

The investigation also reported that in 2017, 420,000 STDs were diagnosed in England, with chlamydia accounting for 48 percent of cases.